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Gamete Donation

Sperm Donation India | Sperm Freezing | Sperm Cryopreservation

Gamete Donation is a part of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART). In Gamete Donation or Egg donation, a woman provides 10 to 20 mature eggs for purposes of reproduction. The process of Gamete Donation is accomplished during the In Vitro Fertilization process (IVF). These eggs are fertilized in the laboratory; the unfertilized eggs are frozen and stored for effective utilization in the future.

Indications of Gamete Donation:

There are number of reasons for which couples should opt for the egg donation. Couples who are infertile may opt for egg donation when the female partner is unable to conceive genetic children because her own eggs cannot generate a viable pregnancy, or they could generate a viable pregnancy but the odds are so low that it is not advised by the doctor and opting for IVF with her own eggs is not financially feasible. This situation is not always based on advanced reproductive age but it takes place quite often in couples. Woman who experience menopause at an early age in their 20s are more likely to be unable to conceive her own genetic child. In addition to that, some women are born without ovaries while some women's reproductive organs have been damaged or surgically removed due to diseases and other anatomical complications.

Another indication would be a genetic disorder on part of the woman that either renders her infertile or it would be potentially dangerous for any offspring; problems that can be circumvented by using eggs from another woman. In many woman, these issues are absent in them, but continue to be unsuccessful with their own eggs because they have undiagnosed fertility and thus turn to donor eggs or donor embryos.

The success of the procedure will vary depending upon the age of the eggs, the retrieval process, the quality of semen, and the overall health of the woman involved. In most cases, younger eggs are preferred for the success of the procedure. 48% of woman who undergo the procedure of egg donation will be able to conceive a child. But unfortunately, more than 15% of women will experience miscarriage during the pregnancy.